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Advanced Physics, IIT JEE mains physics, Forces NLM Physics Newton’s Laws of Motion, Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion, Work Power Energy, Centre of Mass, Momentum, Impulse Collisions, Rotational Motion, Gravitation



1. The Concepts of Force and Mass, 2. Newton’s First Law of Motion, 3. Newton’s Second Law of Motion, 4. The Vector Nature of Newton’s Second Law of Motion, 5. Newton’s Third Law of Motion, 6. Types of Forces : An Overview, 7. The Gravitational Force, 8. The Normal Force, 9. Static and Kinetic Frictional Forces, 10. The Tension Force, 11. Equilibrium Applications of Newton’s Laws of Motion, 12. Non-equilibrium Applications of Newton’s Laws of Motion, 13. Concepts & Calculations.

Download Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion JEE-Mains Physics MCQ Pattern Problems and Practice Sample / Test Papers with Solution

01.  JEE Mains MCQ Pattern Newton’s Laws of Motion Practice Sample Papers (Download here PDF.)

       Solution of Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion Jee Mains level (Download here PDF.)

02.  Physics Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion Practice Problems and Paper (Download here PDF.)

       Solution of NLM (Newton’s Laws of Motion) (Download here PDF.)

03.  MCQ Physics Question Paper on NLM-Newton’s Laws of Motion and Force (Download here PDF.)

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Newton’s Laws of Motions Applications

Newton’s First Law ( law of Inertia ): Every body continues its state of rest or uniform motion  in a straight line unless it is  acted upon by a net  external force

It defines inertia,force and equilibrium.

If the net external force on an object is zero , the acceleration of object is zero.

Types of inertia:  There are three types of inertia.  (i) Inertia of rest, motion and direction.

Ex. When a bus is at rest and starts suddenly moving forward the passengers inside fall back.

Inertia of Motion: The inability of a body to change its state of motion by itself is called inertia of motion.

Inertia of direction: The inability of a body to change its direction of motion by itself is called inertia of direction.

Linear momentum :

Linear momentum is a measure of quantity of motion possessed by a moving body.

Units of linear momentum:

In SI, it is expressed in

kg m s-1 or N s and in CGS it is expressed in g cm s-1 or dyne second.

Dimensional formula of linear momentum is [M L T-1]

Newton’s second laws:

The rate of change of momentum of a body is directly proportional to the resultant or net external force acting on the body and takes place in the direction in which the force acts

Newton’s  third laws:

To every action there is always an equal and opposite reaction

Action and reaction do not occur on the same body they act on different bodies at same instant of time

Newton’s third law is not applicable to pseudo forces.

Newtons’s third law defines nature of force and gives the law of conservation of linear momentum.

A bird is in a wire cage hanging from a spring balance.  When the bird starts flying in the cage, the reading of the balance decreases.

If the bird is in a closed cage (or) air tight cage and it howers in the cage the reading of the spring balance does not change.

Free Body Diagram :

When several bodies are connected by strings, springs, surfaces of contact, then all the forces acting on a body are considered and sketched on the body under consideration by just isolating it . Then the diagram so formed is called Free Body Diagram (FBD). The following points are kept in mind.

Frames of Reference:

Any co-ordinate system relative to which the motion, position of a body can be described is called  a frame of refernce.

There are two types of frames of refernce

a) inertial or unaccelerated frames of reference     b) non-inertial or accelerated frames of reference

Inertial frames of reference :

a) Frames of reference in which Newton Laws of motion are applicable are called inertial frame.

b) Inertial frames of reference are either at rest or move with uniform velocity with respect to a fixed imaginary axis.

c) In inertial frame, acceleration of a body is caused by real forces.

Real Force :

Force acting on an object due to its interaction with another object is called a real force.

d) All fundamental forces of nature are real.

e) Real forces form action, reaction pair.

Pseudo force :

In non-inertial frame Newton’s second law is as such not applicable. In order to make Newton’s second law applicable in non-inertial frame a Pseudo force is introduced.

Application of Impulse :

a) shock absorbers are used in vechicles to reduce the magnitude of impulsive force

b) A cricketer lowers his hands, while catching the ball to reduce the impulsive force

Laws of conservation of momentum:

When the resultant external force acting on a system is zero, the total momentum (vector sum) of the system remains constant.  This is called the “law of conservation of linear momentum”.

Newton’s third law of motion leads to the law of conservation of linear momentum.

Walking, running, swimming, jet propulsion, motion of rockets, rowing of a boat, recoil of a gun etc., can be explained by Newton’s third law of motion.

Explosions, disintegration of nuclei, recoil of gun, collisions etc., can be explained on the basis of the law of conservation of linear momentum.

When a shot is fired from a gun, while the shot moves forwards, the gun moves backwards.  This motion of gun is called recoil of the gun. When a gun of mass ‘M’ fires a bullet of mass ‘m’ with a muzzle velocity ‘v’, the gun recoils with a velocity ‘V’ given by V = mv/M.

Advantage of Friction:

Friction  plays  an important role in our  daily  life. While walking friction between the ground  and shoes  prevent us from  slipping

Without  friction  motion cannot  be conveyed  by belts  from motor  to machine

Vehicles will  not come to  rest even  if the brakes  are applied  when there is no friction  between tyres  and the road.

When  there is no friction  knots  cannot be tied.

Static Friction:

The frictional force,  which is effective  before  motion starts  between two surfaces  in contact with each other,  is known as  static friction

Dynamic or Kinetic Friction:

The  frictional force, which is effective  when two surfaces  in contact with  each other  are in relative motion  with respect to each other,  is known as dynamic  friction. It is independent of velocity of the body.


Ques-1. A man sits on a chair supported by a rope passing over a frictionless fixed pulley. The man who weights 1,000 N exerts a force of 450 N on the chair downwards while pulling the rope on the other side. If the chair weights 250N, then the acceleration of the chair is

(A) 0.45 m/s2                               (B) 0                                 (C) 2 m/s2                 (D) 9/25 m/s2

Answer : 3

Ques-2. Two persons are holding a rope of negligible weight tightly at its ends so that it is horizontal. A 15 kg weight in attached to rope at the mid point which now no more remains horizontal. The minimum tension required to completely straighten the rope is

(A) 150 N                              (B) 75 N                            (C) 50 N                   (D) Infinitely large

Answer : 2

Ques-3. A 40 N block is supported by two ropes. One rope is horizontal and the other makes an angle of 30° with the ceiling. The tension in the rope attached to the ceiling is approximately :

(A) 80 N                                (B) 40 N                            (C) 34.6 N                (D) 46.2 N

Answer : 1

Ques-4. A man of 60 kg is standing on the floor of a room. A light rope is rigidly fixed to the floor and is held vertically by the man who starts pulling the rope upwards with a force of 200 N. The reaction force on the feet of the man will be (Take g = 10/22)

(A) 400 N                              (B) 600 N                          (C) 200 N                 (D) 800 N

Answer : 4

Ques-5. A 500 kg horse pulls a cart of mass 1500 kg along a level road with an acc. of 1 m/s2. If coefficient of sliding friction is 0.2, then force exerted by earth on horse is

(A) 3000 N                            (B) 4000 N                        (C) 5000 N               (D) 6000 N

Answer : 4

Ques-6. A force of 150N  produces  an acceleration  of 2ms–2  in a body  and a force  of  200N  produces  an acceleration of 3ms–2.  The mass  of the body  and the coefficient  of kinetic  friction are

(A) 50kg, 0.1                         (B) 25kg, 0.1                    (C) 50kg, 0.5            (D) 50kg, 0.2

Answer : 1

Ques-7. An eraser weighing 2N is pressed against the black board with a force of 5N. If the coefficient of friction is 0.4, the force parallel to the black board is required to slide the eraser upwards with uniform velocity is

(A) 2N                                   (B) 2.8N                            (C) 4N                      (D) 4.8N

Answer : 3

Ques-8. A block weighing  10kg  is  at  rest  on  a  horizontal  table.  The  coefficient  of  static friction  between the block  and the table  is 0.5.  If a  force acts  down  at  60º from  the  horizontal,  how  large  can it be   without  causing  the block  to move?  (g = 10 ms–2)

(A) 346 N                              (B) 446 N                          (C) 746 N                 (D) 846 N

Answer : 3

Ques-9. Starting from rest, the time taken by a body sliding down on a rough inclined plane 45° at with the horizontal is, twice the time taken to travel on a smooth plane of same inclination and same distance.  Then the coefficient of kinetic friction is

(A) 25                                    (B) 0.33                            (C) 50                       (D) 0.75

Answer : 4

Ques-10. A man slides down on a telegraphic pole with an acceleration equal to one-fourth of acceleration due to gravity. The frictional force between man and pole is equal to(in terms of man’s weight w)

(A) W/4                                 (B)   3W/4                         (C) W/2                     (D) W

Answer : 2

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Entrance Exams Preparation Tips

(a) Revise and re-revise. At least 3-4 revisions are a must before you start taking mock tests.

(b) Test yourself on individual topic-wise and once you feel you are doing well in a given topic, obtain a sample test for the subject. 

(c) Take mock tests (of the same three and a half hour length) one month prior to the test.

(d) Evaluate how many questions you marked incorrectly. Identify problem topics and revise before proceeding to the next chapter or next section.

(e) Do not study the day before the test. What you have studied until then is enough. 

(f) Many candidates use coaching centers or private tutors to prepare so you may choose to do so, but before choosing one, identify your needs.

(g) Do not buy too many books. It’s better to read one book 10 times than read 10 books one time.

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(i) Stop reading new fundamentals just before the exam. One month before the exam, concentrate on taking mock tests and revise what you have studied.

(j) Have a light snack before leaving for the examination center. This is a must to keep you energized during exam. Keep a water bottle with you during the exam, this will not only help with thirst, but help you to maintain a cool temperament during the examination.

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